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The role of productivity and other factors in the internationalization of Polish firms. The initial results of a survey

Evidence from recent empirical micro-level surveys such as Bernard & Jensen (1995, 2001), Clerides et al. (1998) or Eaton et al. (2004) indicates large firm heterogeneity. Following a seminal contribution by Melitz (2003) theoretical models started to include firm heterogeneity by incorporating the actual distribution of productivity between firms. The models prove that only very productive firms are able to enter and remain on more demanding foreign markets. Export status is linked to productivity advantage. Apart from several studies the literature on the role of firm heterogeneity in Poland's trade is in its infancy. The goal of this article is to present the initial results of a large survey of Polish exporting and non-exporting firms aimed at filling this important gap. The survey included numerous questions in the area of firm competitiveness, innovation potential, export performance and strategies as well as barriers to exporting and policy expectations. The results of the survey have been supplemented with analysis of detailed financial data provided by InfoCredit allowing us to estimate numerous indices linked to economic and financial performance of enterprises including: capital and labor productivity, overall productivity measured by TFP and profitability. 

The research was conducted and financed within the grant of National Science Centre “Analysis of international trade of Poland in the light of new trade theories. Implications for economic policy at the crisis era” (2012/05/B/HS4/04209) chaired by prof. Krystyna Gawlikowska-Hueckel. 

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  • JEL:F12, F14, C83
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