• Innovation and technology

    The figure of an entrepreneur is of extreme importance in economic and social development. This position is also connected with taking great risk and initiative to introduce innovative products and technologies. Only a few longsighted business people are able to comprehend the greatness of an invention and are able to use it for their own purpose consequently, for the profit of all economy. That is why the real source of social growth is ascribed to the innovative activity of an entrepreneur, not to the mass activity of business people, who only repeat without taking risk. Second factor of growth is credit.

    Joseph Alois Schumpeter
  • Competitiveness

    Most of the strategies are based on specific presumptions concerning the future. Unfortunately, the future is extremely unforeseen. What is more, to achieve breaking-through success, the strategies need to be implemented in a way, that disqualifies its adaptation to the changed environment when the future is different than predicted. As a result, the paradox of strategy arises: strategies with the greatest chances to achieve success also carry the greatest risk of failure. The solution to the aforementioned paradox demands a new way of thinking about strategy and uncertainty.

    Michael E. Raynor
  • Space

    What is so distinctive about the European folk that made it so progressive and not standing still? It is not due to any superiority, even if it exists, it is a result not a reason; but it is due to the diversity of character and culture. Individuals, classes and nations were extraordinary dissimilar to each other; they were clearing up various ways which led to various valuable purposes. Although in every period of time those who chose different paths did not tolerate others and they wanted to convince each other to join their own ways, the attempts to mutual restraining were scarcely successful. All in all, as time went by, every one accepted the good offered by others. In my opinion, it is due to this variety of paths and ways that Europe is so versatile in progress nowadays.

    John Stuart Mill
  • Development and transformation

    It was only until the industrialization epoch that the economic growth started. Throughout centuries the economy have grown only slightly. The standard of life at the end of eighteenth century was not much different from the standard encountered by the end of antique epoch. The growth era concerns only short period of time and small region of the world. Therefore man can function without economic growth.

    Meihard Miegel
  • International affairs

    If there were no worldwide problems, they would have to be invented, as they are responsible for constituting transnational community. The vision of national sovereignties as a zero-sum game turns out to be historically false; creation of mutual dependence needs to be understood and realized in the sense of a game, in which all participants gain benefits. [...] in the epoch of global crises and global risk, it is the politics of „golden handcuffs” - building a dense network of transnational interdependence, that leads to the regaining of national independence, no matter how would the tentative distribution of profits look like in this extremely mobile worldwide economy.

    Ulrich Beck